MCQ Corner – Test Your Knowledge

Que 9 : Arria Formula is related to which of the following?

(a) Wage Calculation by International Labour Organisation

(b) Informal Meetings by UNSC members

(c) Calculation of income inequality

(d) Calculation of Global Hunger Index

Answer : (b) Informal Meetings by UNSC members

Explanation : Arria-formula meetings are not formal meetings of the United Nations Security Council. They are convened at the initiative of a member or members of the Security Council in order to hear the views of individuals, organizations or institutions on matters within the competence of the Security Council.” They provide interested Council members an opportunity to engage in a direct dialogue with high representatives of Governments and international organizations—often at the latter’s request—as well as non-State parties, on matters with which they are concerned and which fall within the purview of responsibility of the Security Council.” Starting in 2017, member states not on the Council occasionally joined Council members in organising Arria-formula meetings. Due to their informal character, “Arria-formula” meetings usually have no record and no outcomes.

Relevance : Recently, UNSC meeting was called under Arria formula

Source : https://www.securitycouncilreport.org/un-security-council-working-methods/arria-formula-meetings.php

Data: 24-Nov-2020

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Que 8 : A shopkeeper allows a discount of 30% to his customers and still gains 15%. Find the marked price of an article which cost him Rs. 6200.

Answer with Explanation : Watch it on our YouTube Channel https://youtu.be/NZiZaVhjNEQ

Date : 20-Nov-2020

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Que 7: Consider the statements about “Statue of Peace”:

1.  It was unveiled to mark the 145th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

2. It is installed at the  Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Rajasthan

3. The 151-inch-tall statue is made of “ashtadhatu”.

Which of the above statement/s is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

Answer : Option (c)

Explanation

Statement 1 is incorrect : It was unveiled to mark the 151st birth anniversary celebrations of Jain monk Acharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj.

Statement 2 in correct : It is installed at the Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Rajasthan.

Statement 3 is correct : The 151-inch-tall statue is made of “ashtadhatu” (eight metals with copper being the major constituent).

Extra Information :

The Jain monk Acharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj who lived during 1870-1954, led an austere life, working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira. He also worked relentlessly for the welfare of the masses, spread of education and eradication of social evils, wrote inspiring literature (poetry, essays, devotional hymns and stavans) and gave active support to the freedom movement and the cause of the swadeshi. The Statue of Unity is a statue of Indian stateman Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

Relevance : Current Affairs

Source : The Hindu newspaper

Date : 17-Nov-2020

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Que 6: World Ayurveda Day 2020 was celebrated on which date?

(a) November 14

(b) October 13

(c) November 13

(d) October 14

Answer : (c) November 13

Explanation : Ministry of AYUSH has been observing ‘Ayurveda Day’ every year on the occasion of Dhanwantari Jayanti (Dhanteras) since 2016.  Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi dedicated two future-ready national premier Ayurveda institutions to the nation to mark celebration of the 5th Ayurveda Day, on 13th November through video conferencing. The Prime Minister dedicated to the nation the Institute of Teaching & Research in Ayurveda (ITRA), Jamnagar as an Institution of National Importance (INI), and the National Institute of Ayurveda (NIA), Jaipur as a Deemed to be University by the University Grants Commission.  

Date : 15-Nov-2020

Source : pib.gov.in

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Que 5: With reference to the ordinance-making power of the President, which of the following statements are correct?

  1. Article 124 of the Constitution empowers the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of the Parliament.
  2. The power of the President to legislate by ordinance is not a parallel power of legislation.
  3. The President’s power of ordinance making is discretionary in nature.
  4. An ordinance can be retrospective and can not be issued to amend the constitution.

Select the correct answers using the code below.

(a) 1, 2 and 4 only

(b) 2 and 4 only

(c) 2, 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3 only

Answer : b

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect : Article 123 of the Constitution empowers the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of the Parliament. Article 124 is related with establishment and constitution of Supreme Court.

Statement 2 is correct : The President can promulgate an ordinance only when both the Houses of Parliament are not in session or when either of the Houses of Parliament is not in session. An ordinance can also be issued when only one House is in session because a law can be passed by both the Houses and not by one House alone. An ordinance made when both the Houses are in session is void.  Thus, the power of the President to legislate by ordinance is not a parallel power of legislation.

Statement 3 is incorrect : The President’s power of ordinance-making is not a discretionary power and he can promulgate or withdraw an ordinance only on the advice of the council of ministers headed by the Prime Minister.

Statement 4 is correct : An ordinance like any other legislation, can be retrospective, that is, it may come into force from a back date. It may modify or repeal any act of Parliament or any other ordinance. It can alter or amend a tax law also. However, it can not be issued to amend the Constitution.

Source: Lakshmikant 3rd Edition, Page No. 18.13 and 18.14

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Que 4: Consider the following statements:

  1. Laterite soil occurs in areas of low rainfall in the eastern and southern parts of the Deccan Plateau.
  2. The red and yellow soil develops a red colour due to diffusion of iron in crystalline and metamorphic rocks.
  3. Black soil is also known as regur soil and is ideal for cotton cultivation.

Which of the above statement/statements is/are not correct?

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 only

(d) 3 only

Answer : c

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect : Laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain. It’s the red soil which develops on crystalline igneous rocks in areas of low rainfall in the eastern and southern parts of the Deccan Plateau.

Statement 2 is correct : The red and yellow soil develops a red colour due to diffusion of iron in crystalline and metamorphic rocks. The soil looks yellow when it occurs in a hydrated form.

Statement 3 is correct : Another name of black soil is regur. Black soil is ideal for growing cotton and is also known  as black cotton soil. It is believed that climatic condition along with the parent rock material are the important factors for the formation of black soil. This type of soil is typical of the Deccan trap (Basalt) region spread over the northwest Deccan plateau and is made up of lava flows.

Source: NCERT Contemporary India  II – Class X, Page No. 7,8

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Que 4: Which of the following components fall under the category of Capital Accounts?

  1. Net Investment Income
  2. Multilateral and Bilateral Loans
  3. FII
  4. Export of Goods
  5. External Commercial Borrowings
  6. FDI
  7. Remittances

(a) 2, 3, 5 and 6 only

(b) 1, 2, 4 and 7 only

(c) 4, 5 and 7 only

(d) 2, 3,5 and 6 only

Answer : a

Explanation:

Components of Current Account includes – Export and import of goods, net income from Compensation of Employees, Net Investment Income, Shipping, Banking Insurance, Tourism, Software Services etc, Transfer Payments which include gifts, remittances and grants

Component of Capital Account includes : Direct investment which consists of FDI, Equity Capital, Reinvested Earnings and other Direct Capital Flows. Portfolio Investment i.e. FII, Offshore Funds. External borrowings like External Commercial Borrowings and Short-Term Debts and examples of External Assistance : Government Aid, inter-governmental, multilateral and bilateral loans.

Source: Economics NCERT- Class XII Introductory Economics, Page 87 and 88

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Que 2: Consider the following statements:

  1. The split in the Congress took place in the session presided by Dadabhai Naoroji.
  2. The four compromise resolutions which eventually led to the split in Congress were related to Swadeshi, Boycott, National Education and Self-Government.
  3. The split took place in the 1907 Congress session held in Calcutta.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

(a) 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 3 only

Answer : b

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect : The 1906 session of Congress was presided by Dadabhai Naoroji. Rash Behari Bose was elected as President for the year in which the split took place.

Statement 2 is correct: The four resolutions on Swadeshi, Boycott, National Education and Self-Government were passed in 1906 Calcutta session, presided by Dadabhai Naoroji. The Extremists wanted to extend the Swadeshi and the Boycott movement from Bengal to the rest of the country. The Moderates wanted to confine the boycott part of the movement to Bengal and were totally opposed to its extension to the Government. Throughout 1907, the two sides fought over differing interpretations of the four resolutions.

Statement 3 is incorrect: The split took place in 1907 Surat session on the bank of Tapti river.

Source : India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra. Page 138, 139 and 140

Que 1: Agenda 21 is related with:

(a) Single Use Plastic ban

(b) Ozone Layer Protection

(c) Desertification

(d) Sustainable development

Answer : d

Explanation:

Agenda 21 is the declaration signed by world leaders at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), which took place at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It aims at achieving global sustainable development. It is an agenda to combat environmental damage, poverty, disease through global co-operation on common interests, mutual needs and shared responsibilities. One major objective of the Agenda 21 is that every local government should draw its own local Agenda 21.

Source: NCERT Geography : Class X, Contemporary India – II, Page 3

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